Bees prepare honey from nectar which they collect from flowers and blossom of trees. They use it, as well as pollen, as food for their young. Honey is a mix of natural sugars (80%), water (18%) and minerals, vitamins, pollen, protein and amino acids (2%). Around 70% of honey's natural sugar content is made up of fructose and glucose. Raw honey has been shown to inhibit the growth of pathogens in food and food spoilage organisms.
Apitherapy honey has never been heated or filtered, and thus it retains the beneficial traces of pollen, propolis, and beeswax, which the flowers and bees have put there. These contain healthful minerals, vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, and carbohydrates.
Honey forms crystals around these particles, which you see on the surface or by holding a jar up to the light. Within a month or so after the fall harvest, apitherapy honey will crystallize. To soften or reliquefy honey, place it in a warm place or in warm water.